Innovatie in de maakindustrie. Een verkenning van McKinsey uit 2012.
In november 2012 publiceerde McKinsey een belangwekkende verkenning over de mondiale ontwikkelingen in de maakindustrie. Een studie uitgevoerd door: McKinsey Global Institute en McKinsey Operations Practice.
Manufacturing the future: The next era of global growth and innovation
A decade into the 21st century, the role of manufacturing in the global economy continues to evolve. We see a promising future. Over the next 15 years, another 1.8 billion people will enter the global consuming class and worldwide consumption will nearly double to $64 trillion. Developing economies will continue to drive global growth in demand for manufactured goods, becoming just as important as markets as they have been as contributors to the supply chain. And a strong pipeline of innovations in materials, information technology, production processes, and manufacturing operations will give manufacturers the opportunity to design and build new kinds of products, reinvent existing ones, and bring renewed dynamism to the sector.
The factors we describe point to an era of truly global manufacturing opportunities and a strong long-term future for manufacturing in both advanced and developing economies. The new era of manufacturing will be marked by highly agile, networked enterprises that use information and analytics as skillfully as they employ talent and machinery to deliver products and services to diverse global markets. In advanced economies, manufacturing will continue to drive innovation, exports, and productivity growth. In developing economies, manufacturing will continue to provide a pathway to higher living standards. As long as companies and countries understand the evolving nature of manufacturing and act on the powerful trends shaping the global competitive environment, they can thrive in this promising future.The McKinsey Global Institute undertook the research and analysis that follows to establish a clearer understanding of the role of manufacturing in advanced and developing economies and the choices that companies in different manufacturing industries make about how they organize and operate. We started with an examination of how manufacturing has evolved to this point and then plotted its likely evolution based on the key forces at work in the global manufacturing sector. We also sought to understand the implications of these shifts for companies and policy makers. Our research combined extensive macroeconomic analyses with industry insights from our global operations experts. In addition, we conducted “deep dive” analyses of select industries, including automotive, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, food, steel, and electronics manufacturing.
We find that manufacturing continues to matter a great deal to both developing and advanced economies. We also see that it is a diverse sector, not subject to simple, one-size-fits-all approaches, and that it is evolving to include more service activities and to use more service inputs. And we see that the role of manufacturing in job creation changes as economies mature. Finally, we find that the future of manufacturing is unfolding in an environment of far greater risk and uncertainty than before the Great Recession. And in the near term, the lingering effects of that recession present additional challenges. To win in this environment, companies and governments need new analytical rigor and foresight, new capabilities, and the conviction to act.